What companies are in the basic industries field?

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Basic industries are companies that provide the essential raw materials and components used by manufacturers in a wide range of industries. The main activities of these businesses are mining, oil and gas exploration, forestry, and farming. Although they are often overshadowed by more glamorous manufacturing and technology companies (Consumer services companies), the basic industries play a vital role in supporting the global economy. In this article, we will discuss basic industries from a different perspective and we will talk about the companies that are in the basic industries field.

Companies in the basic industries

What are basic industries?

Basic industries are those that are essential to the functioning of a society or economy. They are typically heavy industries or manufacturing. Examples of the basic industries are steel production, car manufacturing, and oil refining companies. These industries normally require a large amount of money to get started. Normally, labor work is hard in these companies; also, they require a large workforce to produce goods.

Basic industries are vital to any economy because they provide the raw materials and finished products that other industries need in order to function. The success of other sectors of the economy also depends on these industries. For example, the construction industry relies on steel from basic industries to build bridges and skyscrapers. The automotive industry needs cars and trucks from basic industries to transport people and goods around.

Without basic industries, an economy would not be able to function efficiently and properly. That’s why countries invest heavily in these types of businesses. They provide good jobs and help to keep the wheels of the economy turning.

Companies in the basic industries field

The basic industry field covers a wide range of companies, from mining and manufacturing to energy and construction. Here are a few examples of the types of companies that you might find in this field.

Mining companies:

These firms extract valuable minerals and other raw materials from the earth. These companies extract, refine and transport the material to other manufacturing companies, which produce many other products using those materials. Mining products are high in demand and that’s why a large number of companies are operating their businesses in the mining industry. Some well-known mining companies are:

BHP Group:

BHP Group is a multinational company headquartered in Melbourne, Australia. It is formerly known as BHP Billiton. BHP Group is operating in the mining, natural gas, and metal industry. It is one of the oldest companies working in the mining industry.

BHP Group was founded in 1885 in Australia. This company has over 35,000 employees working globally. In the year 2021, the revenue of BHP Group rose to $60 billion. 

 Rio Tinto Group:

Rio Tinto Group is the world’s second-largest mining and Metals Company. It is an Anglo-Australian company and is headquartered in London, United Kingdom. Rio Tinto Group is 149 years old company. It was founded in 1873. This company produces materials like Iron ore, Aluminum, Copper, Gold, Diamonds, and Uranium. Rio Tinto Group earns a revenue of $63 billion in the year 2021.

Manufacturing companies:

These firms use different parts or raw materials and convert them into finished products. These finished products are then sold to consumers or to other companies that produce products that are more complex in nature. The list of manufacturing companies in the world is quite large, but here we will discuss a few top manufacturing companies like Toyota Motor Corporation, General Motors, and Ford.

Toyota Motor Corporation:

Toyota Motor Corporation is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturing company. It is generally known as Toyota. Toyota is one of the top automobile manufacturers in the world. It manufactures nearly 10 million vehicles annually. Kiichiro Toyoda founded Toyota in 1937. It headquartered is in Toyota City, Japan.

Toyota Motor Corporation also manufactures vehicles under brand names other than Toyota like Daihatsu, Lexus, and Hino. There are more than 366 thousand employees working for Toyota. Toyota generates more than $256 billion in revenue in 2021.

General Motors:

General Motors Company is an American-based multinational automobile company. This company headquarters is in the state of Detroit, Michigan, US. The number of employees working at GMC is more than 157,000. GM earns total revenue of $127 billion in the year 2021. General Motors have four main brands in the automobile industry, which are Cadillac, GMC, Buick, and Chevrolet.


Ford is another American multinational automobile manufacturing company. Henry Ford founded the Ford Motor Company on June 16, 1903. Ford produces and sells different vehicles under the brand name Ford. It also sells luxury cars with the name Lincoln.

Ford Company headquarter is in Michigan, USA. According to Wikipedia, Ford Motor Company is the fifth largest automobile manufacturer company in the world. More than 186,000 employees are working for Ford. In the year 2012, Ford earns revenue of $136 billion.

Energy companies:

Energy companies are an important category of basic industries on which different industries are dependent. These companies play an important role in the extraction, refining, and production of coal, natural gas, oil, electricity, and renewable fuels. Some well-known energy companies include ExxonMobil and British Petroleum.


ExxonMobil is an American-based multinational oil and gas company. Its headquarter is in Texas, USA. Exxon and Mobil were two different oil companies that merged on November 30, 1999, to form ExxonMobil. ExxonMobil produces different products, which include Crude oil, Petrochemicals, Power generation, and Natural gas. More than 64,000 employees work for ExxonMobil worldwide. This company earns a revenue of $276 billion in 2021.

British Petroleum:

BP is the short form of The British Petroleum Company. BP is a British multinational oil and gas company. Its headquarter is in London, United Kingdom. It is one of the world’s largest companies in the oil and gas industry. It was founded in 1908 with the name Anglo-Persian Oil Company. Since then it changes different names from Anglo-Persian Oil Company, it became Anglo-Iranian Oil Company in 1935, and in 1954, it change its name to British Petroleum.

Some of the major products of BP are Natural gas, Aviation fuels, Motor fuels, and Petroleum. The number of employees working for British Petroleum was 60,000 in 2021, and this company earns a total of $164 billion in the year 2021.

Construction Companies:

These firms build infrastructures like roads, bridges, and buildings. The construction industry plays an important role in the GDP of many countries. It is a widely used industry in almost every part of the world. Here, we will discuss two of the top well-known construction companies, Bechtel and Fluor.

Bechtel Corporation:

Bechtel Corporation is one of the largest and oldest construction and engineering companies in America. It is 124 years old company. Warren Bechtel in California founded Bechtel Corporation in 1898. Bechtel Corporation is headquartered in Virginia, US.

Bechtel Corporation operates in many divisions all over the world namely Infrastructure, Mining & metals, Nuclear, Energy, Security & environment. This company generates revenue of $17.6 billion in the year 2020.

Fluor Corporation:

Fluor Corporation is another multinational American engineering and construction company. Fluor corporations headquarter is in Texas, US. John Simon Fluor founded this company in 1912.  This company has over 40 thousand employees and it produces $14.156 billion in revenue in the year 2022.

Pros and Cons of working in the basic industries field

The basic industries field comprises a broad range of businesses that produce and supply raw materials, components, and finished products to other businesses and consumers. The sector includes agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas, water, and waste management.

There are both pros and cons to working in the basic industries field. On the plus side, jobs in the sector are often well-paid and provide good benefits. In addition, many companies in the sector are stable and have been in business for many years. On the downside, the work can be physically demanding and challenging, and there can be long hours and shifts.

What jobs are in the basic industries field?

There are a variety of jobs in the basic industries field. These include production, management, and engineering positions. Basic industries encompass a wide range of businesses that produce or extract raw materials and convert them into processed goods. Examples of companies in this field include mining, oil and gas, forestry, and manufacturing firms.

Production jobs in basic industries involve the use of machinery to create products from raw materials. This can include roles such as operating cranes or other heavy equipment, monitoring production lines, or working with chemicals and other dangerous materials.

Management positions in basic industries are responsible for overseeing the day-to-day operations of a company. Examples are tasks like planning production schedules, coordinating deliveries, and dealing with customer inquiries.

Engineering jobs in basic industries involve designing and developing new products or improving existing ones. This can be achieved through research and development, as well as testing and quality control. Engineering roles can also involve managing projects and teams of workers.


The basic industry field is full of opportunities for companies that are willing to invest in the necessary resources. There are a variety of companies in this field, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. The key to success in this field is to find a niche and focus on becoming the best at what you do. Many companies in the basic industries field have found success by consistently focusing on their particular niche.

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